Event Highlight

2015 Multidisciplinary Workshop on Cyber Security

Posted Oct 26 2022
Event photo


On June 22-24, 2015, Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) and Stanford University’s Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) hosted a Multidisciplinary Workshop in Cybersecurity. The goal of the workshop was to bring together international relations scholars, prominent policy makers and executives from the tech and financial sector to discuss and develop a forward looking research agenda for resolving key cyber-related challenges.


While technological capabilities move ahead at lightning speed, policy and legal frameworks in cybersecurity lag behind. Historically, governments have safeguarded citizens and national interests from external threats. In cyber, however, traditional boundaries are fuzzy. What constitutes an internal threat? An external one? How do we even know a threat when we see it? The roles and missions in cyberspace of various government agencies are also unclear. What is clear is that the government cannot go it alone: the private sector holds key capabilities and owns vital assets that make public/private cooperation essential but demanding, and often, problematic.

Breaking out of intellectual silos is crucial to developing a better understanding of cyber challenges and how to address them. Cyber threats involve political, legal, organizational, economic, and psychological factors that technical experts often do not fully understand or appreciate. These outstanding gaps and questions provide an opportunity for SIPA and CISAC to play an early and significant role in thought leadership in this policy area.

Over the course of two-and-a-half days of seminars, a simulation, and keynote discussions with prominent policy makers, corporate executives, the questions posed and relationships built led to a concrete, forward-looking policy and academic research agenda to improve cyber security globally.

Download the proceedings

Download the agenda


Coming soon. 


Steve Bellovin slides:

Thinking Security

Owens, Dam & Lin (2009)

Technology, Policy, Law and Ethics Regarding US Acquisition and Use of Cyberattack Capabilities, National Research Council of the National Academies.

Rid & Buchanan (2014) 

Attributing Cyber Attacks, Journal of Strategic Studies.

Healey (2012)

Beyond Attribution: Seeking National Responsibility for Cyber Attacks, Atlantic Council Cyber Statecraft Initiative Issues Brief.

Blumenthal (2011)

Is Security Lost in the Clouds?, (see pp69-86) in Anania, Bauer & Van Eeten (2011), The Economics of Cybersecurity, Communications and Strategies, DigiWorld Economic Journal no. 81.

National Academy of Sciences (1991),

Computers at Risk: Safe Computing in the Information Age, Executive Summary and Overview.

Libicki (2015)

The Null Hypothesis

Libicki (2015), 

A Global Immune System

Landau (2015)

Control and Use of Data to Protect Privacy, Science, Vol. 347, Issue 6221.

Matthew Waxman slides: Domestic and international relating to cyber security

Lin (2015)

An Evolving Research Agenda in Cyber Policy and Security, research paper submitted to the Journal of Cybersecurity.



  • This workshop was hosted by:

    For nearly 70 years, Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) has been equipping future leaders with the skills, knowledge and intellectual curiosity to solve the world’s most critical public policy challenges. Through a rigorous and multidisciplinary curriculum, practical capstone projects and field work that engage real world issues, and connections to world-renowned scholars and practitioners, SIPA students learn to make a positive difference in the world, whether in the public, private, or nonprofit sector. At home in Columbia’s prestigious university community and the global City of New York, SIPA is also a uniquely diverse, international and entrepreneurial community that brings together world leaders of diverse backgrounds, skills, and perspectives.

    In 2014, SIPA launched a new initiative around technology and policy called ‘Tech&Policy@SIPA’. This ambitious effort fuses public policy, engineering, data science and entrepreneurship through a variety of activities, including new courses on data analytics and visualization; a Challenge Grant that invites graduate students to combine ICT and data to solve urban challenges globally; participation with Columbia Entrepreneurship in a start-up lab in lower NYC; and interdisciplinary research around internet policy issues including internet governance and cyber security. This new research is aimed at deepening collaboration at Columbia University across disciplines as well as convening interdisciplinary expert groups, such as at this Conference. By equipping the next generation of public policy students and scholars with a deeper understanding of new technology, nurturing organizations that are building novel tech-based solutions to pressing public policy problems, and supporting cutting-edge interdisciplinary research, SIPA is stimulating a host of creative endeavors at the intersection of technology and public policy.

  • This workshop was held in collaboration with:

    The Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) is Stanford University’s hub for researchers tackling some of the world's most pressing security and international cooperation issues.

    Founded 30 years ago, CISAC in its early years brought together scholars focused on U.S.-Soviet-China relations, arms control and nonproliferation, and the scientific and technical aspects of international security. Today we are building on our historic strengths to seek solutions to the many longstanding and emerging challenges associated with an increasingly complex world.

    We are guided by our longstanding belief that a commitment to rigorous scholarship, openness to new ideas, and lively intellectual exchange can spur the creation and spread of knowledge to help build a safer world.

    Among those are cybersecurity, war and civil conflict, migration and transnational flows, public health and biosecurity, international norms and ethics, as well as insurgency, terrorism, homeland security and nuclear proliferation. CISAC’s multidisciplinary community brings together social scientists, historians, lawyers, physical and biological scientists, engineers, as well as leaders from the private sector and the world of public policy.

    Through education, scholarship and Track II  diplomacy, CISAC strives to influence the policymaking agenda in the United States and abroad. We are guided in this effort by our longstanding belief that a commitment to rigorous scholarship, openness to new ideas, and lively intellectual exchange can spur the creation and spread of knowledge to help build a safer world.

  • This workshop was financially sponsored by:

    Funding for the Multidisciplinary Workshop on Cyber Security has been provided through a major grant to SIPA from the “Rigor and Relevance” initiative of Carnegie Corporation of New York. The Carnegie-funded initiative at SIPA seeks to foster advanced and balanced research in cyber policy and internet governance and to strengthen and expand the community of researchers and practitioners using such research to address pressing issues in cyber policy and governance—with a special focus on supporting junior faculty and doctoral students who engage in policy-oriented work and spend time in settings in which they engage directly with senior practitioners.