Arvind Panagariya

Arvind Panagariya

Jagdish N. Bhagwati Professor of Indian Political Economy

Arvind Panagariya

International Affairs Building, Room 829

Personal Details

Focus areas: International trade policy, economic development, economic reforms with focus on India

Arvind Panagariya is Professor of Economics and the Jagdish Bhagwati Professor of Indian Political Economy at Columbia University.

From January 2015 to August 2017, he served as the first Vice Chairman of the NITI Aayog, Government of India in the rank of a Cabinet Minister.  During these years, he also served as India’s G20 Sherpa and led the Indian teams that negotiated the G20 Communiqués during presidencies of Turkey (2015), China (2016) and Germany (2017).

Professor Panagariya is a former Chief Economist of the Asian Development Bank and was on the faculty of the Department of Economics at the University of Maryland at College Park from 1978 to 2003. During these years, he also worked with the World Bank, IMF and UNCTAD in various capacities. He holds a Ph.D. degree in Economics from Princeton University.

Professor Panagariya has authored more than fifteen books. His book India: The Emerging Giant (2008, OUP, New York) was listed as a top pick of 2008 by The Economist and described as the “definitive book on the Indian economy” by Fareed Zakaria of the CNN. The Economist has described his book, Why Growth Matters, (with Jagdish Bhagwati) as “a manifesto for policymakers and analysts.”

Scientific papers by Professor Panagariya have appeared in the top economics journals such as the American Economic Review, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Review of Economic Studies and International Economic Review while policy papers by him have appeared in the Foreign Affairs and Foreign Policy. He writes a monthly column in the Times of India and his guest columns have appeared in the Financial Times, Wall Street Journal and India Today.

In March 2012, the Government of India honored Professor Panagariya with Padma Bhusan, the third highest civilian honors the country bestows in any field.


  • PhD in Economics, Princeton University
  • BA, Rajasthan University

Honors and Awards

  • Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog, 2015-2017

Research And Publications

In The Media

Inclusive Prosperity

Professor Arvind Panagariya talked about the electronics manufacturer Foxconn's plans and what it means for India.

Sep 18 2023
DW Business

Arvind Panagariya also predicted that India would jump from the 5th position to become the 3rd largest economy in the world during the current decade. 


Aug 07 2023
The Times of India

Arvind Panagariya talks about the need to push for free trade agreements with the EU, how India should approach net-zero 2070, and the impact of withdrawing the 2,000-rupee note.

May 22 2023
Indian Express

Arvind Panagariya remembers the economist Padma Desai, a longtime member of Columbia’s economics faculty who died on April 28: She was “a trailblazer in a world dominated by men.”

May 08 2023
Hindustan Times

At a United Nations session focused on financial inclusion and Sustainable Development Goals in India, Arvind Panagariya delivered the keynote address: "There is much that India can offer today in terms of its own experience to the other developing countries."

May 05 2023
The Hindu