Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs comprises more than 70 full-time faculty and more than 200 adjunct faculty, scholars, and practitioners. All have distinguished themselves in research and leadership in the policy world, and have produced scholarship in a wide variety of subjects, including international relations, democratization, elections, demography, and social policy.

October 1976|Princeton University Press|Mahmood Mamdani

When we captured Kigali, we thought we would face criminals in the state; instead, we faced a criminal population." So a political commissar in the Rwanda Patriotic Front reflected after the 1994 massacre of as many as one million Tutsis in Rwanda. Underlying his statement is the realization that, though ordered by a minority of state functionaries, the slaughter was performed by hundreds of thousands of ordinary citizens, including even judges, human rights activists, and doctors, nurses, priests, friends, and spouses of the victims. Indeed, it is its very popularity that makes the Rwandan genocide so unthinkable. This book makes it thinkable.

Rejecting easy explanations of the genocide as a mysterious evil force that was bizarrely unleashed, one of Africa's best-known intellectuals situates the tragedy in its proper context. He coaxes to the surface the historical, geographical, and political forces that made it possible for so many Hutu to turn so brutally on their neighbors. He finds answers in the nature of political identities generated during colonialism, in the failures of the nationalist revolution to transcend these identities, and in regional demographic and political currents that reach well beyond Rwanda. In so doing, Mahmood Mamdani usefully broadens understandings of citizenship and political identity in postcolonial Africa.

There have been few attempts to explain the Rwandan horror, and none has succeeded so well as this one. Mamdani's analysis provides a solid foundation for future studies of the massacre. Even more important, his answers point a way out of crisis: a direction for reforming political identity in central Africa and preventing future tragedies.

November 1974|Sage Publications|William B. Eimicke
October 1974|Princeton University Press|Alfred Stepan
October 1972|Monthly Review Press|Mahmood Mamdani

Mahmood Mamdani's book on The Myth of Population Control in India demonstrates that the problems of population can never be understood without understanding the problems of people first. Mahmood Mamdani, an Indian studying at Harvard, journeyed to Manupur, India, central village of the Khanna Study, India's first major field study in birth control. It was initiated by Harvard University and financed by the Rockfeller Foundation and the Indian Government. The study found that the majority of people had large families because they need children to work for the family. Children are also old age insurance for the poor. Voluntary family planning will not be accepted until technological change reduces the need for family laborers and until a change in social structure brings about a change in the pattern of land ownership.

October 1970|Oxford University Press|Jagdish Bhagwati, Padma Desai

India: Planning for Industrialization

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