More than a decade and a half after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Russian- American relations continue a cyclical pattern in which high hopes for cooperation alternate with disappointment. After September 11, the formula for the relationshipbuilding on several strong common interests while marginalizing issues on which agreement was not possibleseemed a clear success. Positive results led many in both countries to declare that Russian-American relations had never been more productive or enjoyed stronger domestic support in each country. Yet with Presidents Vladimir Putin and George W. Bush now serving second terms, the outlook is considerably less certain. Cooperation has been weaker than expected, even on issues where Russian and American interests were believed to coincide. Even more important, internal developments in Russia and its treatment of neighbors have severely damaged Putins reputation in the West. This bipartisan Independent Task Force on Russian-American relations examines the track record of the past five years and suggests a strategy for making the most of both challenges and opportunities.
Focus areas: U.S. foreign policy, Russian politics and foreign policy, diplomacy
Stephen Sestanovich joined SIPA's faculty in the fall of 2001 as the Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Professor of International Diplomacy. He is also the director of the International Fellows Program and the author, most recently, of Maximalist: America in the World from Truman to Obama (Knopf, February 2014).
Professor Sestanovich has had a long and diverse professional career, serving both in and out of government. From 1997 to 2001, he held the position of ambassador-at-large and special advisor to the Secretary of State on the New Independent States (NIS). In this role, he was responsible for the overall coordination of U.S. policy toward the states of the former Soviet Union, both within the State Department and with other agencies of the U.S. Government. He served as the principal public spokesman for the administration and the Department of State before Congress and the public on policy toward the NIS.
Before joining the State Department, Ambassador Sestanovich was the vice president for Russian and Eurasian Affairs at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he oversaw the Endowment's policy research center in Moscow and its program of post-Soviet studies in Washington. From 1987 to 1994, he was director of Russian and Eurasian Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. From 1984 to 1987, Dr. Sestanovich was senior director for policy development at the National Security Council. He served as a member of the Policy Planning Staff at the Department of State from 1981 to 1984, and was senior legislative assistant for foreign policy to Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan from 1980 to 1981.
Professor Sestanovich’s principal research interests include Russian and post-Soviet politics and foreign policy, and American foreign policy. He has written on these subjects for Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The Journal of Democracy, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, The New Republic, and other publications. Dr. Sestanovich was the principal author of Russia’s Wrong Direction: What the U.S. Can Should Do (2006), an Independent Task Force Report of the Council on Foreign Relations. Volumes he has edited include Rethinking Russia's National Interest (1994), Coping With Gorbachev's Soviet Union (1988), and four volumes of Creating the Post-Communist Order, a series published by the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Ambassador Sestanovich is the George F. Kennan Senior Fellow in Russian and Eurasian Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, and serves on the Board of Directors of the National Endowment for Democracy.
Dr. Sestanovich earned a BA degree summa cum laude from Cornell University in 1972 and a PhD in government from Harvard University in 1978. From 1978 to 1980, he was assistant professor of political science at the Graduate Faculty of the New School for Social Research; and from 1979 to 1980, visiting assistant professor of political science at Columbia University.