Focus areas: International trade and investment, Japan, China & Asia, competition law and policy, digital economy.

Merit E. Janow is an internationally recognized expert in international trade and investment. She has extensive experience in academia, government and business, and has been involved with the Asia-Pacific region for her entire life.

Janow served as Dean of the faculty of Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) from July 2013 through December 2021.  As Dean, she strengthened the school by launching new programs and initiatives, for example in technology and public policy – with a focus on cyber security and the digital economy – entrepreneurship and policy, and central banking and financial policy, among other areas. She also has grown SIPA’s faculty in numerous areas; supported the creation of new research centers; and completed two capital campaigns. 

For the past 27 years, Janow has been a professor at both SIPA and Columbia Law School. She teaches graduate courses in the digital economy, international trade and investment law and policy, comparative antitrust law and policy, and China in the global economy.  She has held a number of leadership positions at the University.  She is co-director of the APEC Study Center at Columbia Business School and previously served as Chair of the Committee for Socially Responsible Investing which oversees the proxy voting of shares owned by the Columbia University endowment.  Janow has written three books and numerous articles and frequently speaks before business, policy, and academic audiences around the world.

Professor Janow has had three periods of government service. In December 2003, while at Columbia University, she was elected by the WTO Membership as one of the seven Members of the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Appellate Body, which is the court of final appeal for adjudicating trade disputes between the 164 member nations of the WTO. She was the only North American member and the first female to serve on the Appellate Body. In the course of her four years of service, she reviewed more than 30 appeals covering a diverse range of trade disputes, including technology, subsidies, agriculture, investment and trade remedies. From 1997-2000, Janow served as the Executive Director of the first international antitrust advisory committee to the Attorney General and Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust of the US Justice Department. The key recommendations were implemented on an international basis and led to the establishment of the International Competition Network (ICN).  From 1989 to 1993, prior to joining Columbia University, Janow served as Deputy Assistant USTR for Japan and China in the Executive Office of the President. In this capacity she was responsible for developing and implementing U.S. trade policies towards Japan and China; and leading the negotiations for a dozen bilateral trade agreements.

Janow has had extensive corporate and nonprofit board experience and currently serves on several corporate boards along with Japan Society and the National Committee on US China Relations.    She was recently appointed in December 2021 as a member of a World Bank High Level Advisory Group on Sustainable and Inclusive Growth. Janow is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission. She previously served as a member of the international advisory council of China’s sovereign fund, the China Investment Corporation (CIC).  Early in her career, Janow was a corporate lawyer specializing in cross-border mergers and acquisitions with Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom in New York. She grew up in Tokyo, Japan, and speaks Japanese. She has a JD from Columbia Law School where she was a Stone Scholar and a BA in Asian Studies from the University of Michigan

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The Future of Globalization: Consequences of the Pandemic on Supply Chains
June 22, 2020

U.S. and China Relations in the Era of COVID-19
May 8, 2020

US Economic Fallout and Policy Responses to COVID-19
May 1, 2020

Echoes of 1918: COVID-19 and the Spanish Influenza Pandemic
April 14, 2020

American Trade Policy: An Historical Perspective
The Honorable Robert Zoellick
October 11, 2019

The Global Impact Revolution
Sir Ronald Cohen
May 1, 2019

The Back Channel
A Book Discussion with Ambassador William Burns
April 8, 2019

The Rise of the Rest
Entrepreneurship Across America with Steve Case, CEO, Revolution
September 12, 2018

China: Trade, Tech and Tolerance
May 14, 2018

SIPA Forum
Addressing Global Challenges in the 21st Century
April 18, 2017

The Future of US Trade and the Trans-Pacific Partnership
A Conversation with Michael Froman
June 20, 2016

Discussion with Associate Justice Stephen Breyer
Supreme Court of the United States
April 14, 2016

Conference on Internet Governance & Cyber-security
Initiative Overview
Jul 29, 2015

Fireside Chat
With Brad Smith, President, Microsoft
May 14, 2015

Financial Times: Meet the Dean
April 10, 2015

2015 Gabriel Silver Memorial Lecture
With WTO Director General Roberto Azevedo
February 5, 2015

Davos 2015
Rebooting Global Trade
February 2015

How Google Works
Eric Schmidt, Executive Chairman, Google
November 6, 2014


Research & Publications

September 2019|Columbia Journal of International Arbitration|Merit E. Janow, Damien Neven, Petros C. Mavroidis
April 2019|World Trade Review|Merit E. Janow, Petros C. Mavroidis
October 2017|World Trade Review|Merit E. Janow, Petros C. Mavroidis
May 2013|Competition Law Journal|Merit E. Janow, E. Fox

China, the WTO, and State Sponsored Export Cartels: Where Trade and Competition Ought to Meet

May 2011|Intersentia, Cambridge (Opening Chapter w. James Rill, former Assistant Attorney General)|Merit E. Janow, James Rill

The Origins of the International Competition Network

May 2008|Loyola University, Chicago International Law Review |Merit E. Janow

Reflections on Serving on the WTO Appellate Body

May 2008|Juris Publishers (ed. volume with introductory chapter)|Merit E. Janow

Governance, Dispute Settlement and Developing Countries

May 2004|Center for Strategic and International Studies, Jakarta|Merit E. Janow

Economic Institution Building in a Global Economy: Indonesia’s Challenges

May 2004|World Trade Institute (unpublished Chapter)|Merit E. Janow

The Role of the WTO Secretariat in Dispute Settlement

May 2004|Cambridge University Press (Co-Authored with Robert Staiger)|Merit E. Janow

Canada Dairy: Canadian Measures Affecting the Importation of Dairy Products and the Exportation of Milk

May 2004|Cambridge University Press (Co-Authored with Robert Staiger)|Merit E. Janow

US-Export Restraints: US Measures Treating Export Restraints as Subsidies

August 2003|International Competition Network|Merit E. Janow, Eleanor Fox
May 2003|Fordham Corporate Law Institute|Merit E. Janow

Examining Two Multilateral Venues for Global Competition Policy: The WTO and the ICN

April 2003|Merit E. Janow

The Future of Competition Policy in the WTO

May 2001|The International Economy |Merit E. Janow

A Trusting Approach to Antitrust

May 2000|U.S. Department of Justice|Merit E. Janow

This 300+ major report contains detailed recommendations and perspectives on merger review and enforcement, international cartel enforcement and cooperation, and trade and competition policy interface issues. The recommendations of this report resulted in a number of rule changes by the antitrust division and an international initiative which created the International Competition Network (ICN).

May 2000|University of Michigan Press (50th Anniversary Symposium, Center for Japanese Studies, University of Michigan)|Merit E. Janow

The Frustrations and Promise of a Career Involved with U.S.-Japan Economic Relations

May 2000|Brookings Institution (Chapter in Antitrust Goes Global, B. Steil, ed., )|Merit E. Janow

Transatlantic Cooperation on Competition Policy

April 1999|The Uruguay Round and Beyond (edited by Jagdish Bhagwati and Matthias Hirsch)|Merit E. Janow

Competition Policy and the WTO

May 1998|Routledge Press (Chapter in Business, Markets and Governments in the Asia Pacific R. Wu & Y.Pen, ed.)|Merit E. Janow

International Approaches to Economic Deregulation and Regulatory Reform

April 1998|Trade Policies for a New Era|Merit E. Janow

U.S. Trade Policy Towards Japan and China

April 1998|Brookings Trade Forum|Merit E. Janow

Unilateral and Bilateral International Approaches to Competition Policy: Drawing on the Trade Experience

May 1997|Northwestern Journal of International Law and Business|Merit E. Janow

Assessing APEC's Role in Economic Integration in the Asia Pacific Region

May 1994|Praeger Publishers (co-authored)|Merit E. Janow

The Competition: Dealing with Japan

May 1994|W.W. Norton & Co. (Chapter in The United States, Japan and Asia)|Merit E. Janow

Trading with an Ally: Progress and Discontent in U.S.-Japan Trade Relations

May 1988|Columbia Journal of Transnational Law|Merit E. Janow

Mergers and Acquisitions in Japan: A New Option for Foreign Companies?