F-1 Curricular Practical Training (CPT) or J-1 Academic Training (AT) for Internships
An international student in F-1 or J-1 status cannot receive pay or compensation for off-campus work in the U.S. unless and until the International Students and Scholars Office (ISSO) has processed the appropriate application and granted authorization, either on a new I-20 for F-1 students or in a new DS-2019 for J-1 students. It is your responsibility to understand the rules of your F-1 or J-1 status and have your international student documents in order by properly consulting with the ISSO. For more information, please visit the ISSO website, office, or contact them at [email protected] or 212-854-3587.
NOTE: SIPA's Career Advancement Center (CAC) strongly recommends that F-1 and J-1 international students and exchange visitors receive the proper authorization from the International Students and Scholars Office (ISSO) for any internship done off-campus during their program of study, regardless if it is unpaid/uncompensated or paid/compensated, because of changes in immigration agencies' interpretation of unauthorized work and its impact on your future immigration plans.
* The below application process through SIPA CAC does not apply to students in the MPA-EPM, MPA-DP, and MPA-ESP program. These departments will approve CPT forms for students in this program.
SIPA students must begin your internship by the Monday of the seventh week of the fall or spring semesters or by the last day of July for the summer internships. The internship authorized under CPT or AT must satisfy the SIPA internship requirement expected of ALL students in your program and necessary for completion of your degree. Students who have receieved work authorization to fulfill the internship requirement and have completed their internship may apply for elective CPT for academic credit. Refer to ISSO's guidance on required and elective CPT.
F-1 Optional Practical Training (OPT) - After Degree Completion
Optional Practical Training (OPT) in F-1 status is employment related to your field of study immediately after completion of your studies, authorized by USCIS (Citizenship and Immigration Services) through the issuance of an EAD card (Employment Authorization Document). However, your OPT application is first submitted to ISSO for review and to receive an OPT recommendation on a new I-20.
F-1 CPT Eligibility
F-1 students must be enrolled full-time for two (2) consecutive semesters and be in F-1 status at the time of application for CPT before they can receive authorization for off-campus internships in the U.S. EXCEPTIONS: A student in a formal dual degree program with SIPA and a school overseas (e.g., Sciences Po, London School of Economics, etc.) is eligible for CPT only if they have spent the first year overseas and will complete the final year of the program at SIPA.
In addition to meeting the status requirements for CPT eligibility, students must be enrolled full-time at SIPA at the time of application. Dual-degree students that have been admitted to SIPA but have not yet enrolled are not eligible for CPT approval through SIPA. Please review the below section regarding how to apply for CPT as a current F-1 student who is required to fulfill the SIPA internship requirement.
* The application process through SIPA CAC does not apply to students in the MPA-EPM, MPA-DP, and MPA-ESP programs. These departments will approve CPT forms for students in these programs.
Please review all details of F-1 CPT at the International Students and Scholars Office (ISSO) website. In summary, to be eligible for CPT, you must be:
- in lawful F-1 status for one academic year (two consecutive full-time terms), not counting time in English language preparation;
- a degree candidate;
- have an appropriate internship offer as part of the application.
F-1 CPT Requirements
CPT can be used only during the academic Program
- Students may conduct a part-time internship (20 hours or less per week) or a full-time internship (more than 20 hours per week), but only when they are continuing at SIPA in the fall.
Fall & Spring Semesters
- Students may conduct a part-time internship (20 hours or less per week) only.
CPT internship start & end dates
CPT is authorized per semester and cannot be authorized for a period of work that is outside of the semester parameters, below. Each new semester of CPT requires a new complete CPT application with new supporting documents. You must begin your internship by the Monday of the seventh week of the fall or spring semesters or by the last day of July for summer internships.
- Fall semester: September 1 – December 31
- Spring semester: January 1 – May 31
- Summer: July 31
- Fall semester: September 1 – Official last day of semester (refer to Academic Calendar)
- Spring semester: January 1 – Official last day of semester (refer to Academic Calendar)
You CANNOT begin work until your CPT form has been approved by both CAC and ISSO. Therefore, the start date listed on your CPT form must be post-dated. You should allow at least 10 business days for ISSO processing. CPT approval cannot be granted retroactively.
F-1 CPT application process
* The application process through SIPA CAC does not apply to students in the MPA-EPM, MPA-DP, and MPA-ESP program. These departments will approve CPT forms for students in this program.
STEP 1: If you are applying for CPT for the first time, determine which section you will register in for the SIPA U9013 internship course. Most F-1 students will register in the 0-credit section (section 003), to preserve up to 3 credits for additional semesters of CPT.**
Students may earn a maximum of 3 internship credits during their degree program, which includes any credits associated with CPT. When registering for credit that is tied to CPT, you must have completed the internship and received a grade BEFORE you will be allowed to register for a second.
First Semester of CPT: You are not required to receive credit in SIPA U9013 sections 001 (1.5 credits) or 002 (3 credits) for your first CPT since the internship will fulfill a degree requirement. You may instead register in section 003 for 0 credits. Students should register for SIPA U9013 in the spring semester if the internship is completed in the spring or summer.
Registration exception: For summer internships, if you are registering your first CPT, you must pre-register in the prior spring semester as there is no summer registration.
**Second or Third Semester of CPT: If a second or third CPT is secured, you MUST register in sections 001 (1.5 credits) or 002 (3 credits) of SIPA U9013. This is because the internship degree requirement has already been fulfilled and now any internships completed with CPT will count as electives.
Registration exception: Once again, for summer internships, you must pre-register in the prior spring semester as there is no summer registration.
To register for the SIPA U9013 internship course, students should do so during the standard registration period in SSOL or by consulting with the Office of Student Affairs.
You must complete Part 1 and Part 2 of the CPT Request Form and bring it to CAC with a letter offering internship employment from your employer printed on employer's letterhead. The offer letter from your employer must clearly include:
- start and end dates of employment (which should match the CPT form start and end dates within the semester; again, you must begin your internship by the Monday of the seventh week of the fall or spring semesters or by the last day of July for the summer semester)
- how many hours you will work weekly
- a description of duties in sufficient detail to clearly show them as appropriate to meeting the requirements for your degree
- address of the company or organization where employment will take place
CAC will not sign the CPT form without all of the above information stated clearly in the offer letter. If CAC can approve your CPT application, we will complete Part 3 of the CPT Request Form and return it to you so that you can submit your application in its entirety to ISSO for authorization. (See Step 3 of application process, below.)
Submit the below documents in-person to ISSO during ISSO walk-in hours or email to ISSO as a single PDF file at [email protected] for processing as early as 90 days but no less than 10 days before you wish to begin employment.
- CPT Request Form completed by you and signed by SIPA CAC
- Your complete offer letter with all required information
- Your passport and most recent I-94 card
The International Students and Scholars Office staff will then review your application for eligibility. If you are eligible, update your SEVIS record to authorize your CPT, print a new SEVIS I-20 form indicating the approved employment and give it to you. Your employer will need to see this authorization along with your passport and I-94 form to put you on the payroll. You may engage in CPT only after your SEVIS record has been updated by an ISSO adviser to reflect CPT authorization and a SEVIS I-20 has been printed, indicating the approved CPT. The endorsement will indicate the precise details of the authorized training, including the name and location of the employer, the specific dates of the training period, and whether it is full-time or part-time.
We encourage you to contact an ISSO adviser if you still have questions.
J-1 Academic Training (AT)
J-1 students must be enrolled full-time for at least one semester and be in J-1 status at the time of Academic Training (AT) application before they can accept paid internships in the U.S. The application for AT for J-1 students differs from CPT for F-1 students. Students in J-1 status under Columbia’s DS-2019 sponsorship should review the J-1 Academic Training section of the ISSO website for more information.