The Capstone team worked with the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) to map actors, financing instruments and funding sources for Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) in Mali and Bangladesh, as well as review possible business models to support CSA implementation in the two countries.

The Mali team worked with the "Climate Smart Agriculture Investment Plan for Mali," which describes 12 key CSA investments that were developed with strong stakeholder engagement, expert input, and scientific evidence. Among the investments, “Agroclimatic Information Services” was prioritized considering its potential to impact 400,000 agricultural workers in Mali. The team concluded that in order to effectively finance this and other CSA initiatives, it is imperative to explore and design innovative financial arrangements such as Public-Private Partnerships, strategic partnerships between private companies and blended finance structures to unlock further investments and mobilize financial resources from a much wider array of sources.

The team that worked in Bangladesh chose to work on “Livestock-upstream value chain development,” focusing particularly on milk and dairy products. The team analyzed the status quo of the existing dairy sector in Bangladesh and provided a roadmap to increase productivity in the dairy value chain, including a deep assessment of stakeholders, business models, financing instruments, challenges, and opportunities in the sector. The team concluded that even though there are several multifaceted barriers to boost milk production in the country, through efficient collaboration and long-term multi-sector planning, Bangladesh could increase its milk production, decrease the vulnerability of rural farmers and improve nutrition levels.