Alan Krueger is the Chairman of President Barack Obama’s Council of Economic Advisers and a member of the Cabinet. Mr. Krueger was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on November 3, 2011. Previously, Mr. Krueger served in the Obama Administration as Assistant Secretary for Economic Policy and Chief Economist at the U.S. Department of the Treasury.
He is currently on leave from Princeton University, where he is the Bendheim Professor of Economics and Public Affairs. He has held a joint appointment in the Economics Department and the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton since 1987. In 1994-95, Mr. Krueger served as Chief Economist at the U.S. Department of Labor.
A labor economist, Krueger has published widely on unemployment, the economics of education, income distribution, social insurance, regulation, terrorism, finance and the environment. He has been a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, a member of the editorial board of Science, and has served as chief economist for the Council for Economic Education. He is the author of What Makes A Terrorist: Economics and the Roots of Terrorism and Education Matters: A Selection of Essays on Education, and co-author of Myth and Measurement: The New Economics of the Minimum Wage and of Inequality in America: What Role for Human Capital Policies?
Prior to assuming his current position, Mr. Krueger was a member of the Board of Directors of the MacArthur Foundation and the Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education at Charles University in the Czech Republic, and a senior scientist for the Gallup Organization. He was named a Sloan Fellow in Economics in 1992 and an NBER Olin Fellow in 1989-90. He was elected a Fellow of the Econometric Society in 1996, a Fellow of the Society of Labor Economists in 2005 and a member of the Executive Committee of the American Economic Association in 2004. He was awarded the Kershaw Prize by the Association for Public Policy and Management in 1997 and the Mahalanobis Memorial Medal by the Indian Econometric Society in 2001. In 2002, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, and in 2003 he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. He was awarded the IZA Prize in Labor Economics with David Card in 2006. From March 2000 to February 2009, he was a regular contributor to the "Economic Scene" and Economix blog in The New York Times.
Alan Krueger received a B.S. degree, with honors, from Cornell University’s School of Industrial & Labor Relations in 1983, an A.M. in Economics from Harvard University in 1985, and a Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University in 1987.
Jeffrey D. Sachs is the Director of The Earth Institute, Quetelet Professor of Sustainable Development, and Professor of Health Policy and Management at Columbia University. He is also Special Advisor to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. From 2002 to 2006, he was Director of the UN Millennium Project and Special Advisor to United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the internationally agreed goals to reduce extreme poverty, disease, and hunger by the year 2015. Professor Sachs is also President and Co-Founder of Millennium Promise Alliance, a nonprofit organization aimed at ending extreme global poverty. He directs the Millennium Villages Project, which was launched in 2005/06 in order to create a pathway to achieve the MDGs in the poorest regions of rural Africa, and is unique as Africa’s largest systematic and scientific effort to achieve the MDGs.
Professor Sachs is widely considered to be the leading international economic advisor of his generation. For more than 20 years he has been in the forefront of the challenges of economic development, poverty alleviation, and enlightened globalization, promoting policies to help all parts of the world to benefit from expanding economic opportunities and wellbeing. He is also one of the leading voices for combining economic development with environmental sustainability, and as Director of the Earth Institute leads large-scale efforts to promote the mitigation of human-induced climate change.
He is author of hundreds of scholarly articles and many books, including the New York Times bestsellers The End of Poverty (Penguin, 2005), Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet (Penguin, 2008), and The Price of Civilization (Random House, 2011). A native of Detroit, Michigan, Sachs received his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees at Harvard University, where he was the Director of the Center for International Development.
Guillermo Calvo is Professor of Economics, International and Public Affairs, and Director of the Program in Economic Policy Management (PEPM) at Columbia University since January 2007. He is a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), the former Chief Economist of the Inter-American Development Bank (2001-2006), President of the Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association, LACEA, 2000-2001, and President of the International Economic Association, IEA, 2005-2008.
He was professor of economics at Columbia University (1973-1986), the University of Pennsylvania (1986-1989), and Distinguished University Professor at the University of Maryland (1993-2006). He was Senior Advisor in the Research Department of the IMF (1988-1993), and afterwards advised several governments in Latin America and Eastern Europe. He has testified before the U.S. Congress on dollarization and the 1994 Mexican crisis.
Professor Calvo’s honors include a Simon Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship for 1980-1981, King Juan Carlos Prize in Economics in 2000, and LACEA 2006 Carlos Diaz-Alejandro Prize; he is a fellow of the Econometric Society, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the National Academy of Economic Sciences (Argentina). On April 15-16, 2004, the Research Department of the IMF sponsored a conference in his honor.
His main field of expertise is macroeconomics of Emerging Market and Transition Economies. His recent work has dealt extensively with capital flows and balance-of-payments crises in Emerging Market Economies. He has published several books and more than 100 articles in leading economic journals. His latest book, Emerging Capital Markets in Turmoil: Bad Luck or Bad Policy? was published in 2005 by MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
Guillermo Calvo graduated with a Ph.D. from Yale in 1974.
Sharyn O’Halloran is the George Blumenthal Professor of Political Economics and Professor of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. A political scientist and economist by training, she has written extensively on issues related to the political economy of international trade and finance, regulation and institutional reform, economic growth and democratic transitions, the political representation of minorities, and global outsourcing.
O’Halloran began her career at the Public Policy Program at Stanford University in 1990. She then joined the Columbia University faculty in the Department of Political Science and the School of International and Public Affairs in 1993. She is currently an associate director of Columbia's Applied Statistics Center. O’Halloran’s grants and awards include the 2005 Decade of Behavior Award, the Harvard-MIT Postdoctoral Fellowship in Political Economics, a Hoover Institution National Fellowship, a Russell Sage Foundation Fellowship, a Carnegie Corporation Scholarship, and National Science Foundation grants.
She is the author and co-author of books including Politics, Process and American Trade Policy (University of Michigan Press); Delegating Powers (Cambridge University Press); The Future of the Voting Rights Act (Russell Sage Foundation); as well as numerous journal articles on administrative procedures and agency design, with application to U.S. trade and financial regulatory policy, in the American Journal of Political Science, the American Political Science Review, International Organization, Yale Law Journal, NYU Law Journal, and the Journal of Law, Economics and Organization.
O’Halloran has served as an adviser to the Mexican Department of Commerce, International Trade Division (SECOFI) during the NAFTA negotiations concerning the politics of “Fast Track” authority. She has advised the Turkish government on the impact of democratization and economic development on political stability and consulted with the World Bank’s International Finance Group and its Regulation and Competition Policy Group on the impact of trade and political institutions on economic growth and performance, as well as a large project analyzing data on trade openness, international organizations, and their impact on democratic transitions. She was part of the expert witness team in Georgia v. Ashcroft, and other redistricting cases. In addition, O’Halloran has served on numerous local community boards, including those effecting the rezoning and economic development of upper Manhattan, and provided a congressional briefing on the potential impact on the renewal of the 2007 Voting Rights Act. She also plays a major administrative role as head of the University Senate at Columbia.
O’Halloran received a B.A. degree in economics and political science from University of California San Diego in 1985. She received advanced degrees in political science, her M.A. in 1988 and Ph.D. in 1991, also from University of California San Diego.
Professor Svejnar previously served as director of the International Policy Center at the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy at the University of Michigan. He is also a founder and Chairman of CERGE-EI in Prague (an American-style Ph.D. program in economics that educates economists for Central-East Europe and the Newly Independent States). He serves as the Chairman of the Supervisory Board of CSOB Bank and co-editor of the Economics of Transition. He is also a Fellow of the European Economic Association and Research Fellow of the Center for Economic Policy Research (London) and Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA, Bonn).
From 1996 to 2004, Professor Svejnar was the Executive Director of the William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan Ross School of Business. From 1992 to 1997 he served as the Founding Director of the Economics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. He also served as Co-Director of the Transition Programme at the Center for Economic Policy Research in London, President of the Association for Comparative Economic Studies, President of the International Association for the Economics of Labor-Management, Associate Editor of the Journal of Economic Perspectives, Governing Board member of the European Economic Association, and adviser to numerous policymakers, institutions and firms.
He is the author and editor of a number of books and has published widely in academic, policy and practitioner-oriented journals in advanced and emerging market economies, including the American Economic Review, Econometrica, Economica, Economics of Transition, European Business Forum, European Economic Review, Journal of Comparative Economics, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Journal of Economic Theory, Journal of the European Economic Association, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Journal of Labor Economics, Quarterly Journal of Economics, and Review of Economics and Statistics.
Professor Svejnar also taught at the University of Pittsburgh and at Cornell University. He received his B.S. from Cornell University’s School of Industrial and Labor Relations and his M.A. and Ph.D. in Economics from Princeton University.
Kathleen Hays is one of the top Economics reporters and anchors in the counry, having covered the U.S. economy and the Federal Reserve for more than 20 years on television and in the print and electronic media.
Kathleen Hays joined Bloomberg Television in January of 2006. She is anchor of “On the Economy,” the only daily national business program focusing on the economic forces driving the U.S. and global markets, and the shifts in interest rates that result.
She is also serves as Economics Editor, specializing in the U.S. economy and the Federal Reserve. Hays has interviewed many Fed officials in live televised interviews, most recently in January of 2007 when she spoke to the Dallas Federal Reserve Bank president, Richard Fisher.
Hays came to Bloomberg TV from CNN, which she joined in September 2001, where she served as Economics Correspondent for the network and appeared weekly on a weekend program, “On the Story.” She also anchored “The Flipside” and “CNN Money Morning” on CNNfn. Hays wrote a popular column called “Hayswire” and a Daily Eyeopener for CNNMoney.com.
Her TV career started at CNBC in 1990 as part of a three-person team on the daily business and economics talk show, “Business Insiders.” Hays became one of the key players on the morning show “Squawk Box,” known for coverage of the bond market, interest rates, and the U.S. economy. She was also Economics Editor for the network, hosting several segments throughout the day.
Hays started her career at Market News International, a financial news service, which she helped found and where she served on the board of directors. She was Economics Correspondent and New York Bureau chief from 1984 to 1986. In 1987 she joined Reuters to work on the Money Desk, covering bond and currency markets, and central bank policy.
In 1989 Hays moved to Investors Business Daily, a national daily business newspaper, where she served as National Economics Correspondent and New York Bureau Chief.
She attended Stanford University where she earned her B.A. and M.A. in Economics. She is a past officer of the Money Marketeers of NYU.
Merit E. Janow is Professor in the Practice of International Economic Law and International Affairs at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA). She is Director of the Program in International Finance and Economic Policy at SIPA and Co-Director of Columbia's APEC Study Center. Professor Janow teaches graduate courses in international economic and trade policy at SIPA and international trade law and comparative and international antitrust at Columbia Law School. She serves on the faculty of Columbia's Weatherhead East Asian Institute and the Center on Japanese Economy and Business at Columbia Business School. She is also Co Director of Coloumbia's APEC Study Center. For two years, Professor Janow served as Director of the Master's Program in International Affairs.
In December 2007, Professor Janow finished up a four-year term as the North American Member of the Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
The Appellate Body hears final appeals on issues of law and legal interpretation in international trade disputes between countries that are members of the WTO. For three years, ending in March 2000, Professor Janow served as Executive Director of a new International Competition Policy Advisory Committee to the Attorney General and Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust at the Department of Justice, Washington, D.C. This was the first such committee established by the Department of Justice to consider international antitrust matters. The recommendations of this Advisory Committee were instrumental in the establishment of the International Competition Network, which is now a global net of over 80 enforcement agencies.
Before joining Columbia University, from 1989 to 1993, Professor Janow served as the Deputy Assistant U.S. Trade Representative for Japan and China at the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, Executive Office of the President in Washington D.C. She was responsible for developing, coordinating and implementing U.S. trade policies and negotiating strategies towards Japan and China. She was involved in the negotiation on over a dozen sectoral trade agreements. Prior to her tenure in government, she was an Associate at Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, specializing in corporate mergers and acquisitions. She serves on the Board of Directors of several companies and not for profit organizations, including:
Chairman of the Nasdaq Exchange LLC, Chair of a mutual fund of the American funds, a member of the International Advisory Board of the China Investment Corporation, China's sovereign wealth fund, Trustee of Japan Society, and Scenic Hudson.
Professor Janow received a B.A. in Asian Studies from the University of Michigan and a J.D. from Columbia Law School. She is fluent in Japanese.